UK, May 10, 2017.- The first industrial revolution came about thanks to the steam engine. It happened to him the second revolution derived from the electrical energy. The third industrial revolution came with the computer age. And we are already living the fourth industrial revolution, 4.0, with the digital transformation of economic processes. This present looks like the future drawn a few years ago. However, it seems to accelerate, for example, in labor material. In the next decade, several professional profiles may disappear by robots or computer logarithms. Martin Boehm, Dean of IE Business School, anticipated:
“The great challenges for our school are to try to respond to the changes that are envisaged in the education industry. The first of them points to the millennials that have expectations quite different from that of students of previous years. They are more “digital native”, so they are more accustomed to digital business models, and therefore expect a teaching taking advantage of technologies, digital models and a social environment.
For its part, the other challenge has What to do with the job market and the expectations of the recruiters, who are also completely changing. We still do not know what jobs will be needed in the next few years, because about 80% of them nowadays do not exist. Then as a school, we have the challenge of preparing our students to cover those places that They do not yet exist. This has some implications for us that points to what we should teach. Previously, knowledge was taught (marketing, finance, accounting), but skills are now more important; How to work as a team, how to communicate, how to solve problems, how to live, etc. “
For his part, the digital guru Marc Vidal has mentioned an interesting study on computer developers:
“A couple of days ago Stack Overflow presented a study detailing the number of jobs related to software development in the UK and Ireland. Most significant is the percentage reached by some cities, especially Dublin, where practically 10% of the available employment is for developers. Something that can be intuited if we consider something that I published a long time ago and that made reference to the fact that 2 of every 3 new jobs that are created in the Irish capital have to do with the technology.
To put it in the context of the study we see that Dublin followed by London (7.7%), Edinburgh (7.1%) and Belfast (6.8%). And although in London the gross amount of developers reaches 360,000 workers, its workforce is more than 4,700,000 jobs available. Something that percentage improve the 60,000 software developers in a city with a job offer of just 670,000 as in the case of Dublin. What is important is what this incorporation into the labor fabric of a highly skilled worker typology and, regardless of many factors of future automation, essential in many aspects of the economy of the future.
That a 10% of the employment is this guarantees many things. Each country bets on what it bets. The important thing is to have a road map, a political and socio-economic strategy. In Ireland it has existed for two decades. It is not about stacking plans in electoral programs or listing lists about ‘how we will do the next few years’. The success of a transformation lies in three pillars that in some countries is being improvised and in others not.
This is achieved by facilitating the creation of high-value jobs, creating real ecosystems for these job creators, importing talent and investment, and not penalizing the importation of vintage laws and, of course, a specific taxation for companies of this type that Do not punish their growth. In addition, since the Horizon 2020 project with which I collaborate, it is said that two thirds of the technological jobs created so far this year, are also linked to consultancies or agencies specialized in Digital Transformation in the Celtic country. It happens to me.
From Ireland I receive requests to work on processes of digital transformation of multiple companies located in Spain and other European countries. That is, over time, one of the capitals with the most traction in terms of innovation consultancy and development of associated technology, will be this city. The future should go there. “
Artificial intelligence, neural networks, big data and its analysis, the possibility of connecting a brain to a computer, are structures of knowledge that will have a corresponding labor effect in our societies. It is up to each to observe them as an enemy or as a new opportunity to develop.